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Expository texts utilize various text structures, such as description, cause and effect, comparison and contrast, problem and solution, question and answer, and temporal sequence.



Information Text

Information text is organized by topic and supporting details. Information texts have boldface headings, graphics, illustrations, and captions that signal importance in the text.

Crabtree Connections Titles:

Pirate Adventures!
History: Pirates – Grades 1-2

Backyard Bugs 
Science: Backyard Science – Grades 1-2

Ocean: It’s my Home! 
Geography: The Ocean – Grades 1-2

Knight Survival Guide
History: Knights – Grades 1-2

One Egg 
Science: The Life Cycle – Grades 1-2

Rain Forest 
Geography: The Jungle – Grades 1-2

What the Romans did for the World 
History: Ancient Rome – Grades 2-3

Backyard Encyclopedia
 
Science: Backyard Science- Grades 2-3

Passport to Paris 
Places: Geography – Grades 2-3

Quick Expert: Ancient Egypt 
History: Ancient Egypt – Grades 3-4

See for Yourself: Body Science
Science: Body – Grades 3-4

Is our weather getting worse?
Geography: Environment – Grades 3-4

Image Below: Information text sample Backyard Encyclopedia


Explanation Text

Explanation text is written to explain how or why something happens. The text consists of a description of the phenomenon and an explanatory sequence.

Crabtree Connections Titles:

Want to be a knight?
History: Knights – Grades 1-2

Tadpole Story
Science: The Life Cycle – Grades 1-2

Jungle Crash!
Geography: The Jungle – Grades 1-2

Egyptian Treasures
History: Ancient Egypt – Grades 3-4

Head-to-Toe Body Questions
Science: Body – Grades 3-4

Ask an Expert: Climate Change
Geography: Environment – Grades 3-4


Report Text

Report texts describe the characteristics of something. Information is organized into categories using chapter or subheadings.

Crabtree Connections Titles:

Roman City Guidebook
History: Ancient Rome – Grades 2-3

Extreme Places: Could you live here?
Places: Geography – Grades 2-3

Backyard Heroes
Science: Life Science – Grades 2-3


Formal Text

Formal text has a clearly stated intent or purpose. These texts are objective, concise, and move from general to specific information. Subheadings, lists, and numbered steps are used to organize information and achieve the writer’s purpose.

Crabtree Connections Titles:

Inventor’s Secret Scrapbook
Science: Inventors and Inventions – Grades 4-5

Rainforest Research Journal
Geography: Exploring Places – Grades 4-5

WWII Survival Tips
History: World War II – Grades 4-5